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Climate-informed marine spatial planning (MSP) is a participatory process that considers current and future climate risks and opportunities during design, planning, and implementation. While climate-informed MSP is key to realizing the Blue Economy, this process supports clients in meeting their national and international climate targets and enables the World Bank Group to implement its Climate Change Action Plan (CCAP). Climate considerations in MSP harness the economic opportunities of the decarbonization pathway, while responding to the growing challenges of climate change through adaptive and integrated ocean management. This knowledge factsheet provides an overview of climate-informed MSP and recommends the use of nature-based solutions as a key part of MSP.